Just spent 30 minutes trying to work out why Postfix was not rejecting mail using the zen.spamhaus.org DNSBL. I finally found the answer in my postfix-users mailing list archives.
I wasn't familiar with pdns-recursor, it was mentioned in the same postfix-users mailing list thread, however it was easy to install and worked out of the box. I was using dnsmasq for resolving local machine names so I will need to fix that at some point. It looks like pdns can do that as well through pdns-server or I might just bite the bullet and install BIND. I did like the ease of configuration of dnsmasq compared to BIND though. Hopefully pdns-server is somewhere in between the two.